Should federal prisons restrict the use of solitary confinement?

• "We need the flexibility to respond to exigent circumstances. We have to manage [inmates] in very close quarters. And our fundamental obligation, not only to the people of Rhode Island, but to the inmates and their families, is to keep everybody safe." Source: Former Director of Corrections A.T. Wall (Rhode Island)
• "Solitary confinement has devastating effects on those subjected to it including deep psychological harm. Ending long term use of solitary confinement is an important step in prison reform." Source: Rep. Bonnie Watson Coleman (Democrat, New Jersey, District 12)
• "Prolonged solitary confinement is one of the true horrors of the modern day penal system. Studies have shown that prolonged solitary confinement can result in paranoia, hallucinations, suicidal ideation, feelings of impending doom, decline in mental functioning, insomnia, nightmares, and many other symptoms related to severe depression and anxiety. Prolonged solitary confinement is nothing short of torture in most cases..." Source: Judge Rosemary S. Pooler (Second Circuit Court of Appeals)
• "Our criminal justice system should be about justice and rehabilitation, not just punishment. Solitary confinement should be a tool of last resort, yet the use of solitary confinement by the federal prison system has increased in recent months, even when evidence clearly demonstrates that this practice frequently fails to achieve its intended goal of improving prison safety or stopping criminal behavior. In fact, widespread overuse of solitary confinement is causing lasting, irreparable harm to many inmates subjected to it." Source: Senator Chris Coons (Democrat, Delaware)
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